Birch is of many types of like-yellow birch,… Structural light framing is 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 2-inches to 4-inches wide. Plywood comes in a variety of types for different uses. This is why the best wood for structural or supporting projects such as beams tends to be denser. And, it … It usually doesn’t not pass through the entire thickness of the wood. Plywood sheets can be used to support floors, roofs and walls. Depending on the species and type of wood, the moisture content of living wood ranges from approxi­ mately 30 percent to more than 250 percent (two-and-a-half times the weight of the solid wood material). Softwoods. Library catalog cards (supplanted by computer files) Drinking straws Shotgun cartridges Carbon paper Bumper stickers (now made out of vinyl except for the peel-off paper on the backside) Computer cards (now entirely electronic!) Posts and timbers are usually 5-inch x 5-inch boards. Grain is a tree’s unique growth pattern. These measurements clarify what you’ll see on the tag in stores (nominal size) versus the actual measurements of the lumber (actual size). Structural lumber can be broken down into seven categories: Appearance boards are chosen primarily based on how they look rather than their strength. 0000077366 00000 n Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts). Products Made from Wood- Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. All Rights Reserved. It is typically used in furniture building and construction. Whether you are taking on a smaller DIY project like shiplapping a bedroom wall, or you're tackling a big job like new construction, these common terms will help you determine to how to choose lumber. Press your fingernail into the wood. Use this guide to learn lumber terms, measurements and grades so you can understand how to choose the right lumber for your next project. Plywood and laminated veneer lumber use thin sheets of wood veneer as lamina (layers) for panel-type and lumber-type products, respectively. 2 Common is 3-inches x 4-inches and 50 percent defect free on its best side. Composite/Plastic. Which type of lumber you end up using for a project depends on its purpose. Woods that are used for building furniture, cabinetry, millwork, or other architectural features are typically hardwoods, although some conifer woods are also used for these items. Actual lumber sizes are approximate dimensions after trimming. Cup is a hollow across the face of a board. Here at Durable Wood Products, we've been dealing with tropical hardwoods for many years. Dura-Life. Water-based products seem to be the most popular, and there are several reasons for this fact. 0000080904 00000 n It can pass through the wood’s entire thickness. Also preferred by manufacturers as it creates a natural wood finish. It's available in hardwood and softwood veneers. Choose pressure-treated options for outdoor projects. Scientifically … 0000002819 00000 n Material. Density is a wood’s weight and strength. While terms like boards, studs and plywood all refer to types of lumber, they should not be used interchangeably. The three most widely available and suitable exterior lumber choices, not treated with chemical preservatives, include Western red cedar, redwood, and cypress. Midwest is ranked #1 out of 3 hobby and craft wood manufacturers, followed by Walnut Hollow, and Guillows. The denser the word, the sturdier the result of your project. Pine is budget-friendly and easy to find. MDF is ideal for the unseen parts of cabinets, interior furniture or shelving. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. 0000003289 00000 n The lumber industry uses a scale called the Janka Rating System to measure and rank the relative hardness of wood. They’re commonly at the ends and are usually caused by mechanical processing. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Laminates are most commonly used surface finish for furniture elements, as they provide decorative look in comparatively less price. Typically used in DIY projects or home construction. Unlike plywood, it won’t bow or warp, but it can swell when exposed to moisture. C Select has little to no defects and is used for cabinets and trim. Veneer is usually a thin piece of natural wood shaved from a tree and bonded with MDF, chipboard or plywood. No. The panels vary in size but can range upwards of 64 by 8 feet and in the case of cross-laminated timber can be of any thickness from a few inches to 16 inches or more. 0000003057 00000 n It naturally resists rot and is more attractive than pressure-treated wood. Need Help? It's ideal for DIY crafts, shelving and subfloors. Although we do not recommend any wood for outdoor use Mahogany, Cypress, and Western Cedar are the best options for exterior use. 0000109970 00000 n Alternative Decking Material Options. Hardwood is graded by the National Hardwood Lumber Association. 0000007244 00000 n They must be at least 1-inch thick and 2-inches wide. We've collected and produced some detailed information about tropical hardwood species below. FAS (First and Second) is the highest grade of hardwood lumber. Pressure-treated lumber is wood that has been processed with preservatives to last longer. Now you know which types of wood work best for which jobs. Types of Subfloor Materials in Construction Projects ... On wood-frame floors, the subflooring provides a continuous structural surface over the floor joists. The products created by the lumber and wood industries include lumber, veneer, plywood, particleboard, oriented strand board (formerly called flake, chip, or wafer board), wood pellets and wood composites (or engineered wood). 0000037724 00000 n Lumber grading determines both price and how the wood will be used. Spruce wood is strong and hard. Heavier than untreated lumber, so it tends to require more upfront investment. There are two basic wood grades. In addition, increasing attentio… No. Typically used in surfaces because natural wood is resistant to stains and water. 0000004324 00000 n Benefits. A loose or dead knot, surrounded by a dark ring, can fall out and leave a hole. Hardwood includes wood like hickory, oak, mahogany, maple and walnut. Tip: If "prime" is listed with the grade, such as "prime FAS grade," the lumber has both the qualities of the FAS grade and a fine appearance. It finishes well and has a low resistance to decay. When it comes to buying lumber, there are a lot of choices to make. No two boards will look the same. Lumber is identified by its nominal or named size. The maintenance-free, durable quality of artificial wood makes it a viable option to natural wood even though the initial investment for artificial wood is higher. Your geographic location will determine the availability and cost of these materials. Hardwood grades are: Softwood grades typically fall into two categories: dimensional lumber (based on the wood's strength) and appearance boards (most commonly used for woodwork). Redwood works well for outdoor projects. %PDF-1.3 %���� First of all, water-based products tend to have less odor and less toxicity. Aesthetic appeal matters most if the wood of your project will be visible. There are many different kinds of tropical hardwoods to choose from. Strong lumber with fewer knots or cosmetic blemishes gets a higher grade and price. Plywood is a necessity in many DIY and construction projects, but not every type of plywood works for every project. Softwood absorbs moisture easily. Look at the color. No. It is a popular and highly attractive choice for outdoor projects. This is the size that appears on the tag in store. Structural light framing is 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 2-inches to 4-inches wide. Wood Products In addition to solid lumber production, there are a variety of composite wood products that have been developed. Bamboo. Shake is a crack that splits the wood along the grain. The types of hardwood you choose will ultimately depend on your project and the look you are trying to achieve. Crook or crown is a warp along the edge line. Woodworking is an incredibly rewarding hobby that can last a lifetime, and be passed down through generations of sons and daughters. Plywood can be used untreated, painted or stained. It’s important to consider grain when working on projects, specifically decor, to ensure you achieve the look you want. It gives the look of expensive hardwood when stained but is easily scratched. Wood’s texture is a key part of its stability and its ability to be finished or stained. For small touch-up jobs, several brands of wood filler package their products in premixed small tubes of white, cedar, red sandalwood, black walnut, red oak, mahogany, teak, and black and grey shades to match most any wood color. Artificial wood products never need to be sanded, scraped, refinished or stained -- but stain is an option to change the color of composite wood. 3 Common has larger knots than No. Deck tiles create custom patterns on deck surfaces with an interlocking tile system. The types of softwood you choose depends on the purpose and look of the project. Texture is the feel and condition of the wood’s surface. B. Orbital Finishing Sanders. The Dura-Life decking and railing product lines include the Siesta collection of decking … Choosing lumber means understanding grain patterns, grades, types of wood and more. There are, however, some defects in structural lumber that you shouldn’t overlook. 1 Common is a standard grade lumber with a knotty look. Framing and structural lumber follows standard building dimensions (thickness and width). Wane is bark or missing wood on the sides or edges of lumber. If it is  hardwood, it will not dent easily. Grade refers to both the appearance and strength of the lumber. Nominal size is usually the size quoted in DIY project instructions. It has been … For structural needs such as joists or beams, the look of the lumber isn’t a top priority. Some types of lumber may be marked as "premium" by the manufacturer, but this is not a standard grade. 1 Common is 3-inches x 4-inches and 66 perfect defect free on its best side. 0000004363 00000 n Standard dimensions allow for faster building as less cutting is needed on site. It's denser than plywood but is not very moisture resistant. 0000002378 00000 n Each species has its own unique set of characteristics (color, grain pattern, etc.). MDF, or Medium-Density Fiberboard, is a combination of hardwood and softwood bound with resin. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: Shop online for over 200 hobby and craft wood at discounts up to 43%.Basswood is the most popular of the 7 hobby and craft wood categories, then Balsa, and Plywood. They also produce, as residual by-products, wood chips, sawdust and shavings. Find the plywood, MDF, pressure-treated lumber and all the tools and supplies you need to complete your woodworking project. And, a little extra: Softwood includes cedar, pine, spruce and fir wood. 0000001229 00000 n These products are created by mechanical processes such as sawing, peeling, slicing or chipping. Redwood, for example, is widely available and used in the western United States. These woods are stronger and have better texture, color and grain patterns. With this type of product, if you can find the right match, you can easily repair furniture damage by yourself. It’s good for paneling and shelving. 0000000940 00000 n For example, for the dimensions of lumber, a tag that says “2-inches x 4-inches” doesn’t actually mean lumber that’s two inches by four inches in measure. It … Another type of reconstituted wood is called particle board, which is made by mixing sawdust with adhesives. Some examples of the most popular hardwoods include oak, maple, mahogany, cherry, walnut, and teak. These products include glued laminated timber (glulam), wood structural panels (including plywood, oriented strand board and composite panels), laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and other structural composite lumber (SCL) products, parallel strand lumber, and I-joists. 0000037802 00000 n If actual lumber sizes are required, that will be noted. Softwoods are the wood and lumber which are milled from conifer trees. 0000080043 00000 n It is not listed for treatment of any hardwood species, except when the wood is used for railroad ties. It is available with above-ground contact or ground contact treatment. Bow is a warp on the face of a board from end to end. constitutes a major portion of green wood. No. It is rot-resistant and can be painted or stained easily. Composite deck lumber is made of a combination of wood and plastic, making it dense and durable. It is available with above-ground contact or ground contact treatment. Hardwoods are those that come from deciduous trees like ash, oak, teak, birch walnut and mahogany. ard P9, Type A) or the lighter solvent (AWPA Standard P9, Type C) are the most commonly used. Each type of lumber is designed to be used for specific building purposes. Choose from wood decking boards, composite decking boards and deck tiles. Next in line are pecan, hard maple and white oak. It’s usually 6-inches x 8-inches and is 83 percent defect-free on its best side. Read on for a breakdown of the most commonly used types of wood as well as their features and benefits. Know exactly how much you need with our project calculators. It is an important source of hardwood timber. Some types of lumber, like cypress and redwood, are naturally rot-resistant. Birch is a great craft-wood. It is unreasonable for woodworkers to learn every type of wood as there are hundreds of wood species, so below I have listed some of the most common types of wood lumber species that woodworkers use for making furniture and woodworking hand tools. Copper naphthe-nate is listed in AWPA standards for treatment of major softwood species that are used for a variety of wood products. Spruce Wood. Woods that are valued for furniture and cabinetry typically have aesthetically pleasing characteristics of uniform color, interesting patterns of earlywood and latewood in cut and surfaced lumber (this characteristic is termed grain or figure), and also possess desirable properties of hardness and durability. Like most products of this type, wood sealers are available in water-based or oil-based options. What are the best wood types for exterior use? Search for prime lumber when the look of the wood is particularly important for a project. They are available in hardwoods, softwoods, reclaimed wood and barn wood boards. 0000076509 00000 n The most commonly used lumber, structural lumber, are the 2-foot x 4-foot and 4-foot x 4-foot boards used in everyday DIY and construction projects. Some questions to immediately ask yourself: Is the color of the wood natural, or is … A shake differs from a split because it’s usually caused by natural growth. Whether you’re building a home or starting a renovation project, the right lumber makes all the difference. 2 Common has larger knots. Tip: When determining how much lumber you need, don't guesstimate, calculate. A tight knot is usually fine. 0000101230 00000 n "Premium" refers to the clean appearance of the board but doesn't verify the strength or physical quality. Here are the most common lumber defects: Choosing the lumber for your next project just got easier. 0000001643 00000 n 0000001404 00000 n trailer << /Size 48 /Info 20 0 R /Root 24 0 R /Prev 156135 /ID[<62f0c8065728609d9604503f95b1c634><702a10a381b8848ae5bba1ea89f94cc6>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 24 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 22 0 R /Metadata 21 0 R /PageLabels 19 0 R >> endobj 46 0 obj << /S 145 /L 225 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 47 0 R >> stream Check is a crack along the wood's annual growth rings. Cedar resists rot, especially when treated regularly with a preservative. Twists are multiple bends or warped spots in a board. They also enhance the durability of the furniture as they are scratch resistant and easy to clean. Many of the chemicals used in pressure treating lumber contain pesticides. Price Per Square Foot. The many types of plywood can differ in materials, number of layers, rating and grade. Engineered wood, also called mass timber, composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibres, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite material. Osborne Wood Products also offers Exterior Glue as a service which may be an option for laminates used in exterior situations. Poplar is used in cabinetmaking, painted furniture, ceiling moldings and trim. No. D Select has a few more defects than C select. Untreated lumber is great for projects involving animals, children or plants. Appearance boards can be used untreated or painted/stained. Hickory is the hardest, commercially available common wood. Rather “2-inches x 4-inches” is in actuality 1-1/2-inches x 3-1/2-inches. Perfect for … All wood has natural defects that can add character. A firm has three types of wood products (X1, X2, X3) each requires (or potentially requires) four inputs: A B, C and D. Input X1 X2 X3 Amount of input available A 1 1 2 20 B 0.5 1 1.5 16 с 0 0.5 1 8 D 0 0 1 10 The profit contribution of each output is $14, $16 and $30, respectively. Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. Wood-producing forest trees and other woody plants are of two categories: gymnosperms and angiosperms. 3. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. This guide will explain the different uses of plywood, as well as popular plywood sheet sizes and its rating and grade system, so that you can choose the best plywood for your project. There are two grades of appearance boards, "Finish" (a higher grade) and "Select". 0000004077 00000 n There are two categories of wood: hardwood and softwood. H�b```�5�|�@(�����1�yU $�T?�&4K�h@�Ҝ�(��. Select lumber is excellent quality for use when appearance and finishing are important and common lumber that has defects used for construction and general-purpose projects. Structural lumber can be broken down into seven categories: Light framing lumber is 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 4-inches wide. To make this easier, below you will find a list of different tree types, classification and then individual wood characteristics. Knots are a part of the wood’s grain. 0000000847 00000 n 2 Common. The Splits are cracks going all the way through the piece of wood. The nominal size is the lumber’s rough dimension before it is trimmed to its finished size at the lumber mill. Structural joists and planks are 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 6-inches wide. 0000004412 00000 n Ready to get started today? If the wood won't be visible, as in the case of a structural project, color won't matter much to your selection process. Composite decking boards are available in a range of colors and won’t warp or crack. Appearance framing lumber is 2-inches wide and 1-inch thick. Hardwood and softwood have their own grading systems. Plywood is made from layers of thin sheets of wood and cured under heat and pressure. Due to availability of various types of laminates, commercial and corporate offices, industries, restaurants, hotels, showrooms, etc. Bamboo is often considered a wood, but this grass is really a wood alternative. Reach out to our truck rental department for pickups, vans or moving trucks to haul lumber and more. The color of wood determines the look and style of your project. Made from Wood-based Paper Oil cans Candy bar wrappers Grocery bags (some still are made from paper!) Gymnosperms, or cone-bearing trees, produce softwoods, such as pine and spruce, and angiosperms produce temperate and tropical hardwoods, such as oak, beech, teak, and balsa. However, if the wood is going to be visible, you may want a higher grade of lumber. It’s great for projects that will be painted. There are literally thousands o… Great for exterior use and projects that come in contact with cement. 0000007297 00000 n Typically used in cabinetry, flooring and woodworking. If you’re unsure what wood you’re working with, perform a quick test by pressing your fingernail into the wood. In basements and in homes with slab-on-grade foundations, the subfloor may simply be a concrete slab. Select is 4-inches x 6-inches and 83 percent defect free on its best side. Appearance boards are ideal for shiplap projects, DIY crafts, interior furniture and decor. Commonly used softwoods include pine, hickory, beach, ash, birch, and cedar. 23 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 25 /H [ 940 310 ] /L 156723 /E 125289 /N 5 /T 156145 >> endobj xref 23 25 0000000016 00000 n Usually requires more upfront investment than softwood. Beams and stringers are at least 5-inches wide and 2-inches thick. Light framing lumber is 2-inches to 4-inches thick and 4-inches wide. … Deck and fencing lumber includes railings, floor boards, posts and balusters. If it dents easily, it’s softwood. It’s best for shelving, paneling, pallets and fences. Wood decking boards are durable and budget-friendly. Hardwoods are commonly used in the construction of walls, ceilings and floors, while softwoods are often used to make doors, furniture and window frames. Furniture made from hardwoods is generally considered to be better-looking, but hardwoods can be very expensive. Understanding different types of wood is really important for woodworker and furniture makers. 0000001250 00000 n Orbital sanders are lightweight, portable and easy-to-use. Untreated lumber is also lighter, easier to cut and budget-friendly. Types Of Wood Sealer.