As a […] Sources. Sugar doesn’t spoil. Early colonial protests at these duties were ended when the tax was lowered two years later. It doesn’t contain preservatives or additives of any kind. Smuggling, conveyance of things by stealth, particularly the clandestine movement of goods to evade customs duties or import or export restrictions. The government decided to raise revenue--but on what? CD003287. Definition of the Sugar Act The Meaning and Definition of the Sugar Act: The Sugar Act of 1764 was a British Law, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764, that was designed to raise revenue from the American colonists in the 13 Colonies.. The Sugar Act, also known as the Revenue Act, diminished the percentage of tax on molasses from six pence to three pence per gallon, when Grenville took steps that the tax is strictly implemented. The two main thrusts of the Act were to actually collect the taxes that had been in place, but skirtedaround for so long, and to force the colonists to trade with Britainand her colonies instead of foreign powers, in an effort to boost the ailing British economy. 2004. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As a result of the Sugar Act, the earlier clandestine trade in foreign sugar and, thus, much colonial maritime commerce were severely hampered. This article was most recently revised and updated by,, Sugar Act - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Act set a tax on sugar and molasses imported into the colonies which impacted the manufacture of rum in New England. The new Sugar Act replaced the Molasses Act of 1733, reducing by half the colonial tax on molasses, but stepping up enforcement of the tax. The focus of the Sugar Act was to discourage colonial merchants and manufacturers from smuggling non-British goods to avoid taxes imposed by Parliament. Click to download the free sample version, This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Date:1764. The Sugar Act successfully reduced smuggling, but it greatly disrupted the economy of the American colonies by increasing the cost of many imported items, and reducing exports to non-British markets. Omissions? Sugar act definition, a law passed by the British Parliament in 1764 raising duties on foreign refined sugar imported by the colonies so as to give British sugar growers in the West Indies a monopoly on the colonial market. The Plantation Act, also known as the Sugar Act, was the first of the Revenue Acts to be passed, on April 5, 1764. sugar act facts 😣grocery list. Sugar is found in the fibers of all plants, as a byproduct of the process of photosynthesis. The protected price of British sugar actually benefited New England distillers, though they did not appreciate it. War Debt. The British Empire triumphed in the Seven Years ’ War, winning undisputed control of North America and control of the world ’ s oceans. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Under the Molasses Act colonial merchants had been required to pay a tax of six pence per … • The Sugar Act of 1764 was put in place to raise revenue, as the British government was heavily in debt after the French and Indian War, and directly replaced the Molasses Act. The U.S. history lessons on the Sugar Act of 1764 is an excellent segue into other lessons on the American Revolution. British Prime Minister George Grenville proposed the Sugar Act. The economy, after the war, was going through a standard contraction (less war means less spending, which means the loss of jobs and wages), so cutting spending wasn't a good option. Sugar is just sugar. Sugar Facts; 66 Sweet Facts about Sugar. The British Parliament passed the Sugar Act in 1764. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It was introduced by Prime Minister George Grenville as a permanent act. However, the war was extremely expensive, and maintaining the empire and the seas required a military force in North America and a navy. Now, … In order to encourage the production of the british rum, taxes. Sugar Act, in U.S. colonial history, British legislation (1764) aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies and at providing increased revenues to fund enlarged British Empire responsibilities following the French and Indian War. How many calories does a teaspoon of sugar have? Well, the Sugar Act of 1764 was a law passed by the Parliament of Great Britain to try to eliminate some pesky competition. The Sugar Act or Molasses Act was a 1764 Act of the British Parliament.It imposed a tax of 3 pence per gallon of molasses purchased from the French West Indies in an attempt to force the American colonists to buy the more expensive sugar from the British West Indies.However, the British West indies did not produce enough molasses to supply the merchants of New England. The Sugar Act of 1764. Siebenhofer A, Plank J, Berghold A, et al. Short acting insulin analogues versus regular human insulin in patients withdiabetes mellitus. Actually a reinvigoration of the largely ineffective Molasses Act of 1733, the Sugar Act provided for strong customs enforcement of the duties on refined sugar and molasses imported into the colonies from non-British Caribbean sources. The colonies have already been mired in a post-war depression. Sugar Act Digital History ID 3960. By Karin Lehnardt, Senior Writer. Protests had been received from America against the enforcement of the Molasses Act, together with a plea that the duty be set at one penny per gallon. Copyright © 1999–2020This site uses cookies to improve your experience. The Revenue Act of 1764, also known as the Sugar Act, was the first tax on the American colonies imposed by the British Parliament. Updates? On April 5, 1764, Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar and Molasses Act (1733), which was about to expire. Sugar occurs … War and Debt. Although warnings were issued that the traffic could bear no more than that, the government of Prime Minister George Grenville refused to listen and placed a three-penny duty upon foreign molasses in the act (the preamble of which bluntly declared that its purpose was to raise money for military expenses). The first measure was the Plantation Act of 1764, usually called the Revenue, or Sugar, Act, which reduced...…. Sugar is one of the world’s oldest ingredients. The Sugar Act of 1764 fueled the fire for that important battle and other legislation, such as The Stamp Act of 1765 kept the embers burning.. Different sugar studies consistently find that people have some misconceptions about sugar. So Parliament passed the Sugar Act, which was a tax on sugar, wine, indigo (a type of color dye) and molasses. A teaspoon of sugar has 15 calories. The title: It taxed sugar and decreased taxes on molasses in British colonies in America and the West Indies.This restricted smuggling.It was also a use of mercantilism.It was one of the first taxes that led to protests in the Thirteen Colonies. Annotation: To maintain the army and repay war debts, Parliament decided to impose charges on colonial trade. The new act renewed the ineffective Sugar and Molasses Act of 1733 which was about to expire. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its purpose was to raise revenue through the colonial customs service and to give customs agents more power and latitude with respect to executing seizures and enforcing customs law. The Sugar Act (1764) was a tax passed by the British to pay for the Seven Years War, called the French and Indian War in America.. The Sugar Act of 1764, also titled the American Revenue Act of 1764 was passed on April 5, 1764. The people of New Guinea were most likely the first to domesticate sugar cane around 8000 B.C. And on whom? It provided for a strongly enforced tax on sugar, molasses, and other products imported into the American colonies from non-British Caribbean sources.The act was also called the Plantation Act or the Revenue Act. The act thus granted a virtual monopoly of the American market to British West Indies sugarcane planters. The Stamp Act called for the taxing of 54 separate items : The year the British Sugar Tax was passed was 1764. Sugar Act, also called Plantation Act or Revenue Act, (1764), in U.S. colonial history, British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies and at providing increased revenues to fund enlarged British Empire responsibilities following the French and Indian War. Fact 2 Published October 3, 2016. Not ready to purchase a subscription? Fun Facts About Sugar Just a few quick facts about our favorite sweetener. The Currency Act Mar 22, 1765. Smuggling flourishes wherever there are high-revenue duties (e.g., on tea, spirits, and silks in 18th-century England, coffee in many European Test your own knowledge of sugar here with these fun sugar facts. The last was very important to New England merchants, since they bought molasses to make rum to sell to other colonies including the French, Dutch, and Spanish. Objectives Sep 1, 1764. It has no expiration date! The Sugar Act worsens their trade balance just as Grenville and Parliament throw another punch. Does sugar contain preservatives? To find out more, see our cookie policy. More interesting to the Sugar Act history is the Revenue Act of 1766 (6 George III c. 52), [15] the desired reduction in the molasses duty. Under the Molasses Act the colonial merchants payed six pence per gallon for imported molasses. It passed the Sugar Act, imposed duties on foreign wines, coffee, textiles, and indigo imported into the colonies, and expanded the customs service. .1 hour) and lasts for 2 hours. To find out more, see our, The Sugar Act Of 1764 Facts & Worksheets:, Resources created by teaching professionals. Sugar Act It was the first attempt to finance the defense of the colonies. In Apr… Does sugar spoil? The average British subject, in England, had a fairly high tax burden already; and colonial subjects, though technically 'Englishmen,' didn't really pay taxes at all. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Sugar Act was enacted on April 5, 1764, in order to help reduce the staggering national debt incurred during the French and Indian War and to help pay for the continued presence of British troops in the colonies to defend from any further attacks. See more. The parliament decided to scrap the 1733 legislation and replace it with a new bill: the Sugar Act, passed in April 1764. The Sugar Act of 1764, also known as the American Revenue Act, was an act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on the American colonies in order to raise revenue. An Amended Sugar Act: acts of the 4th and 6th In 1766, to appease the Americans, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act. • The Sugar Act is also known as the American Revenue Act. -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. [11] The Sugar Act, the merchants fear, will take a bite out of their profits. The act also imposed new taxes on several other imported foreign goods while further restricting the export of certain highly demanded commodities such as lumber and iron that could legally be shipped … Smuggling continued. The Sugar Act replaced the Sugar and Molasses Act of 1733 that was about to expire. law that attempted to curb the smuggling of sugar and molasses in the colonies by reducing the previous tax rate and enforcing the collection of duties The British government now faced the issue described earlier--cut spending or raise revenue. The Sugar Act was passed by Parliament on April 5, 1764. The Sugar Act Titled The American Revenue Act of 1764. Sugar Act. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Sugar Act protests continued to emphasize the economic burden. More objectionable to the colonists were the stricter bonding regulations for shipmasters, whose cargoes were subject to seizure and confiscation by British customs commissioners and who were placed under the authority of the Vice-Admiralty Court in distant Nova Scotia if they violated the trade rules or failed to pay duties. Corrections? Henceforth, provincial governments are not allowed to … Learn more about the Sugar Act … The Sugar Act of 1764 was a law enacted by the British Parliament intended to stop the smuggling of molasses into the American colonies from the West Indies by cutting taxes on molasses. The Sugar Act and Stamp Act Fact File : Facts about the similarities and differences between the Sugar Act and Stamp Act: Facts: The Stamp Act : The Sugar Act: Fact 1: The year the British Stamp Act was passed 1765.