You can see for yourself in the images how much of a visual difference these few decimal points of PSNR correspond to. Everyone can clearly see the Bayer sensor is much better at resolving detail and fine patterns and X-Trans is simply worst, even though both are Fuji cameras and the X-T3 (26 MP X-Trans) costs much more compared to the X-A7 (24 MP Bayer). Without XTRANS technology, I'd toss all my Fuji stuff in the garbage and go back to Full Frame. Digital Cameras X-T30. Check out below, and enjoy the moire-free Fujifilm X-H1 image compared to the others. The Sigma “microcontrast” would be far superior to the Fuji — but the Fuji would be better than a Bayer because of the X-Trans sensor layout. The resulting data is then fed into a demosaicking algorithm. And at what cost? This is why the processing engine on Fuji’s Bayer cameras is more aggressive and sharpens the image more than the processor of X-Trans cameras does. Still today, Bayer sensor cameras show more moiré than X-Trans cameras (including the 50MP Fujifilm GFX 50S), but I think that once APS-C cameras will go beyond 30MP and Medium Format reach 100 Megapixel with the Fujifilm GFX 100S, one of the advantages of X-Trans cameras (less moiré) will become almost negligible. Bring on the magic! There are many… Home Blog About Fuji cameras, x-trans sensors and RAW processing. With two model line exceptions (i.e. Let’s see if that’s true. However, the higher the pixel density, the less moiré is likely to occur also with Bayer sensors. This reduces sharpness and the amount of light that the sensor is sensitive too. Fujifilm X-H1 (APS-C 24MP) Vs. Sony A7rIII (FF 42MP) Vs. Canon 5DsR (FF 50MP) Vs. Nikon D850 (FF 45 MP), Fujifilm X-H1 (APS-C 24MP) Vs. Sony A6300 (APS-C 24MP). Notably, X-Trans performed poorly on Example 1, which contained a lot of red. There are many situations where a recipe is 99% compatible. However, given the amount of noise reduction required to treat the false colors introduced by the omission of the AA filter, it seems unlikely that there is much, if any, net benefit. *Please also check your spam folder if you don't get the confirmation mail. Fujifilm representatives have tossed around various figures of their own for X-Trans performance (“30% slower”) and have also hinted that one of the reasons they choose Bayer for their new medium format GFX 50S camera was because demosaicking 50 megapixel X-Trans images would be too slow. Think Super CCD on the early S series ILC that in all other respects were basically rebadged bayer sensor Nikons or EXR in cameras like the X10 for example. - Fuji X-T100 - Is the NON - X Trans Sensor a POSITIVE Thing? Here are Fujifilm claims regarding X-Trans: The unique random color filter array reduces moiré and false colors without an optical low-pass filter. Huh. Above left is the standard "Bayer" color filter array pattern used by most cameras' sensors, with the yellow outlines indicating the two-by-two pixel grid on which the array is repeated. The new Fujifilm GFX could feature a 102-megapixel Bayer image sensor. JAI cameras 3,688 views. As you’d expect from a Fujifilm camera, the X-T4’s out-of-camera JPEGs require little to no processing, producing fantastic straight-out-of-camera shots. The two cameras feature an APS-C sized sensor. With our award-winning range of cameras suited to Pros and enthusiasts alike, we're sure there's a … Yes, it’s there, and not only with X-Trans III cameras but also with all other Fuji X cameras. I can’t. One thing though: because the X-T1 doesn’t use a standard Bayer pattern on the sensor, RAW converters often don’t do a good job with them. Here Fujifilm elaborates on the claim that APS-C X-Trans can match the performance of full-frame (presumably higher resolution as stated above) Bayer: The FUJIFILM X-M1 is equipped with a large APS-C X-Trans CMOS Sensor, which offers picture quality comparable to that of full-frame sensors. Any apparent larger noise advantage found in other comparisons must be due the confounding factors of underlying sensor technology (Sony makes the sensors, FYI), ISO rating, electronic/thermal noise, and noise reduction baked in to the X-Trans demosaicking algorithm in use. This is because there are fewer red and blue sites in the X-Trans pattern compared to Bayer. Given this confused situation, I wanted to perform a comparison which eliminates all of these factors and compares the Bayer CFA to the X-Trans CFA as directly as possible, without involving lighting, optical aberrations, lens light transmission, ISO ratings, noise reduction, optical lowpass filters, etc., and see if the X-Trans CFA really does offer any of the advantages Fujifilm claims it does when compared against Bayer — with no marketing funny-business. The target images themselves have been downscaled significantly from their original size in order to eliminate any noise and false colors from the input. Because Fujifilm’s own X-Trans demosaicking algorithm is proprietary, it could not be used for this comparison. As Fujifilm says here, X-Trans was mainly created to mitigate (not eliminate) the following issues present with Bayer sensors cameras: The unique 6×6 color filter array of the X-Trans sensor gives more accurate color reproduction and, by removing the optical low pass filter present in most Bayer sensor cameras, it also boosts resolution, hence another advantage compared to Bayer cameras with similar pixel number and low pass filter is…, at minute 11:39, DPReview says that the 16 MP X-T1 effective resolution is not much lower than 24MP, due to the virtues of the X-Trans sensor, as well as less color noise and moiré. Normal sensors use a Bayer array, which introduces noticeable moiré and aliasing. And yes OP got the sensor tech mixed up. Got a rumor or news to share for FujiRumors? First off, let me make clear that this article relates to how the Fuji X-Trans sensor compares to the Bayer CMOS sensor in the Fuji X-A1, with regard to raw files processed in Photoshop CS6 / ACR and the OOC jpgs. Is it real detail or just aliasing and false color? Subscribe to our Newsletter! In any case, it’s significantly slower, a fact that is uncontested. Some people do probably not have the 5 minutes of time it needs to read this article. Well, that’s more like it. The preceding tests were conducted with images containing essentially no noise. DCRaw is used for all demosaicking because it conveniently allows us to provide our own raw pixel data without having to wrap it in a container. In my eyes, the best performing camera is the Fujifilm X-H1, which shows less color noise and more pleasing grain. , DPReview says that the 16 MP X-T1 effective resolution is not much lower than 24MP, due to the virtues of the X-Trans sensor, as well as less color noise and moiré, we already explained back in 2013 why it is like this, using larger heat sinks on the Fujifilm X-H1, Fujifilm tried to put the X-TransIII sensor into the small X70, less moiré (an advantage that will become negligible once APS-C sensor go beyond 30MP), sharper compared to cameras with same pixel number and optical low pass filter, unless the processing in camera is very aggressive, like on X-A5 and X-T100, more pleasing “film-like” grain at high ISO, 20%-30% less processing power required (possible benefits listed below), Bayer is better for features and speed, unless Fujifilm can compensate for the extra 20-30% processing power required by the X-Trans sensor with a more powerful processor (present in Fujifilm X-T3), new sensor tech for faster sensor readout (maybe stacked sensor) and better heat management (present in X-H1), more pleasing (some say “film-like”) looking grain at high ISO, 24/26 Megapixel are more than enough for my photography, no need to have 30MP+, Zebra & Co could be implemented using a new and more powerful processor (available on the Fujifilm X-T3), I don’t need 8K video. But Bayer sensor cameras like Olympus cameras have this issue too, both the flare and the grid. Also, there exists computational diffraction reduction technology (which may be what Fujifilm is using in their so called Lens Modulation Optimizer) which actually relies on aliasing to function. Even if we don’t call this a tie, differences of this order would be completely swamped by 8-bit quantization, JPEG compression, optics and other real-world factors. The more expensive X-T30 is the first model in the current Fujifilm range to feature the company's unique X-Trans sensor, which Fujifilm claims offers better image quality, so that's an important difference to the cheaper X-T200 if you're considering both models. The X-Trans sensor in most of Fuji cameras does not use a Bayer matrix, but rather a very different matrix whose pixels are arranged in rows of three colors — a technology inspired by the naturally irregular distribution of silver halide crystals on film. To eliminate this, an anti-aliasing (or optical low pass filter) filter is fitted. Instead, I use Frank Markesteijn’s algorithm (in highest quality 3-pass mode). L’X-Trans è certamente un sensore innovativo e rivoluzionario, che avvicina non poco la fotografia digitale a quella analogica in termini di resa. Details are limited at this moment but its a MID range ILC,the "10" designation indicates that.It will include IBIS,the first of the mid range bodies with sensor stabilisation. No false color suppression or noise reduction is employed. In order to remove the complicating factors of optics, base sensor technology, etc., these comparisons are performed with synthesized raw images. Down below you see a comparison between the Sony A6500, Fujifilm X-A5 and Fujifilm X-H1 at ISO6400 (RAW). Normally the T4 can process only its own RAWs. Well, I wouldn’t call this film-like either, but at least the color noise is gone. But, being an entry-level model, it uses a common 16MP Bayer sensor. The fact is, some patterns and orientations will look better with Bayer and some will look better with X-Trans. PSNR is a standard measurement for quantifying image degradation. Fujifilm seems to be conflating false color (a type of aliasing) and chromatic aberration (a property of lenses) here, but it’s the dramatically boosted resolving power that’s fantastic. If you think the effect on a fingernail is bad, take a look at was this kind of processing does to a face: Observe the color of the teeth and eyes, and how the skin has taken on a waxen, lifeless appearance. Finally, and probably most practically, X-Trans requires significantly more processing time/power and, at the time of writing, all but one of the commercial RAW processing programs on the market produce lower quality output than the free-software Markesteijn algorithm used in preparing the examples for this article. 4:25. The imaging sensor sits in the middle of your digital camera, right behind the lens, and turns the optical image into a digital version, converting light into electronic signals. Well, the moiré/false color certainly looks different. All these cameras have identical pixel count and, more important, the X-Trans color pattern. The effect of all these confounding factors, intentional or not, along with Fujifilm’s hyperbolic and cryptic marketing copy, has been to lead consumers to draw incorrect conclusions when comparing Fujifilm against other brands of camera, specifically regarding noise, moiré, and detail resolution. Details are limited at this moment but its a MID range ILC,the "10" designation indicates that.It will include IBIS,the first of the mid range bodies with sensor stabilisation. As we’ve seen, this comes with the cost introducing false color and moiré artifacts. In this guide, I’ve attempted to cut through all the noise, and offer my recommendations of the top 9 Fuji cameras in 2020. So still to see what the FF19003 is, but Nokishita says: In addition to X-Pro3, Fujifilm is likely to see another model. But as we demonstrated in our debunking X-Trans myths as well as in our “sharpening X-Trans files” article, there are ways to get perfectly sharp images with Adobe products only… it just requires a few extra editing steps and the use of photoshop. And to a lesser extent when photographing subjects which contain no patterning and no high contrast fine detail (i.e. But X-Trans is not only about less moiré. The sensor’s unique colour filter array minimises moiré and chromatic aberration without the need for an optical low pass filter, while dramatically boosting resolving power even at identical pixel counts to deliver sharp and texture-rich pictures.